CBD Oil vs THC Oil
When you Google “cannabis oil”, you may be confused by listings of both “CBD oil” and “THC oil”. Whilst they may come from the same plant, they’re nowhere near the same thing. Many are confused about the difference between the two, especially with cannabis laws constantly changing. However, one still remains illegal in most countries. To avoid a misfortunate visit from the police, make sure you read on.
Firstly, what is a Cannabinoid?
A cannabinoid is a natural compound that is found in cannabis. These join to the cannabinoid receptors which are naturally present in your body. Within Europe, it’s typically only legal to grow Cannabis Sativa plants. The plant produces two main cannabinoids- THC and CBD.
There are actually over 100 known cannabinoids within the plant, such as CBC, CBG and CBDa. Cannabinoids interact with your endocannabinoid system. This plays a major role in keeping steady internal conditions within your body. There are two main cannabinoid receptors in the body- CB1 and CB2. If you’re interested in learning more, read our blog posts on cannabinoids and the Endocannabinoid System.
You can also find synthetic THC and CBD, however, some of these are highly harmful. One dangerous form of synthetic cannabinoids, “Spice”, has even been named as Britain’s ‘Zombie Drug’ by VICE News.
What is THC?
THC, also known as Tetrahydrocannabinol, is one of the most abundant cannabinoids in cannabis. It is often found in high concentrations in the marijuana plant – also known as Cannabis Indica.
This is the main substance that gets you “high”, discovered by chemist Raphael Mechoulam in 1964.
THC binds to CB1 receptors, which are located all throughout the body. As cannabinoid receptors are in so many different areas, the effects of THC are also widespread. These include appetite stimulation (munchies), euphoria (feeling high) and altered memory. More unpleasant side effects caused may be ‘dry mouth’ and an increased heart rate.
THC and THC Oils are illegal for most consumers in the UK and worldwide. The exception to this is when it is prescribed for medical use, such as in the medicine Sativex. Sativex is the first cannabis-based medicine licensed in the UK, a spray prescribed to those suffering from Multiple Sclerosis. It contains both THC and CBD, and relieves muscular spasticity.
What is THC Oil?
THC Oil is an oil extracted from cannabis, which mainly contains THC. This may also be called hash oil or honey oil due to its likeness to the sticky sweetener. THC Oils are often of a very high THC concentration, with little or no CBD. With most THC oils, the purpose of taking them is to get “high”. Whilst this makes up around 40% of revenue for cannabis retailers in California, THC oils are illegal in most of Europe.
You can’t buy THC oil for sale legally in the UK.
You may also have heard of THC vape oil, sold in cartridges or e-liquid bottles for use with vaporisers. Many believe that vaping THC oil is ‘healthier’ than smoking weed, but this is not the case. Vaping hasn’t been around long enough or researched enough for us to fully understand it. What’s more, many THC oils are mixed with harmful additives. When heated, these can produce cancer-causing compounds including formaldehyde. Some young people are already developing life threatening illnesses from these oils, such as bronchiolitis.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid with many unique properties. This means that it does not get you “high”. It is one of over 113 naturally occurring cannabinoids in the Cannabis Sativa plant. In the UK, and many other countries, CBD is entirely legal. Early scientific studies suggest that CBD may bind to CB1 receptors in a different way to THC, which needs further investigation.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD Oil is a cannabinoid oil which mainly contains CBD. This is typically produced by mixing isolated CBD with a ‘carrier’ oil such as hemp or coconut oil. CBD Oil is typically found in tincture bottles, as well as in capsules, gummies, and sprays.
In most countries CBD Oil must contain below a certain level of THC. For example, in the UK there’s a common misconception that you’re allowed up to 0.2% of THC. This is so common that many companies will even state this on their website. In reality, you’re only allowed to grow hemp plants with this level of THC and each CBD product for sale must not contain more than 1mg.
Compliant CBD companies will select Cannabis Sativa strains that are naturally very low in THC, so to ensure this standard is met. Reliable producers of CBD will also use specialist extraction techniques to ensure all THC is removed from their products.
What’s the difference between THC Oil and CBD Oil?
“THC oil” or “hash oil” which contain mainly THC will usually not include CBD. Some oils on the market such as “full spectrum oils” and generic “cannabis oils” will contain both THC and CBD. These can typically only be bought fraudulently. All of these are illegal, and can lead to legal action. Even if you do believe in cannabis legalisation, it’s important to avoid these as there’s no way of knowing what’s in them. It’s really not worth developing a serious illness from unknown additives.
CBD Oils should not contain THC. It’s important to check the lab reports of the brand you’re buying from to make sure of this, as some of them are not fully compliant.
If the company you’ve chosen does not provide independent third-party lab reports, it’s impossible to truly know what you’re taking.
If you’re looking for a cannabis oil with a wider range of cannabinoids, you should look for a Broad Spectrum CBD Oil. These provide the same benefits as a “full spectrum oil”, without the THC. You can still get a broad range of terpenes, waxes and cannabinoids, without the court case.
Where can you buy high-quality CBD Oil?
Dragonfly CBD produces the best CBD products in the UK. We control the production process from seed to shelf, ensuring quality at every step. This means that we can make sure there’s no THC present in our products. It’s part of our mission to build legitimacy and trust in medicinal cannabis. Dragonfly CBD has been built on values of transparency and empowerment, which is why our batch specific third party lab reports are all easily accessible.